What’s Coming Up in 2017 for the Grocery Industry?

Consumer price inflation in the UK has risen from virtually zero at the beginning of 2016 to 1.2% in November – its highest rate for 2 years and economic pundits are reckoning it might test the Bank of England’s target rate of 2% early in the New Year. Mind you, overall inflation would have been higher through the year if it wasn’t for price deflation for food and grocery products . This has been great news for consumers but cold comfort for food industry participants!2016 12 01 Grocery Price Deflation.jpg

What’s kept food prices down in 2016?:

  • ferocious competition in grocery retail – “traditional” supermarkets desperately cutting prices to stem market share losses to the hard discounters. Is the Price War all over? Not on your nelly!;
  • Food manufacturers “buying forward”, so their ingredient costs in, certainly, the first half of 2016 reflected international commodity prices in 2015. The FAO food commodity price index was 20% lower in 2015 than 2014 and continued to drift lower until mid-year 2016.

So, what can we expect in 2017? In short, higher food prices but, likely, not as high as food suppliers would like. An inexorable continuation of the cost-price squeeze seems inevitable:

  • International food commodity prices have strengthened – the FAO global food price index was 10% higher in November than in May and these are yet to be fed into higher ingredient prices in the UK. Dairy, vegetable oils, coffee and, particularly, sugar prices have seen the strongest growth, with cereal prices actually softening;
  • Sterling has lost 15% of its value against major currencies – when new purchase contracts cut in, they’ll be at higher prices in £s and, remember, we import 35% or so of our food. Eventually, suppliers will be able to pass on to retailers some of the higher ingredient costs but the “Marmitegate” kerfuffle is indicative of the lengths retailers will go to before excepting price increases particularly for sensitive KVIs (known value items);

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  • Our view is that the economic uncertainties associated with Brexit won’t be helpful in 2017. Look, we’ve had a surprisingly good run since the referendum – no economic melt-down and our GDP growth has been better than our smouldering, snubbed EU partners. However, consumers are nervous – the unemployment rate is the lowest it’s been for 11 years (4.8%) but growth in wage rates is stagnant and, in real terms, wages have declined by 10% since the most recent recession. This decline is particularly felt outside London and the South East (e.g. GDP/head is 250% higher in London than in Wales and the North East of England). With inflation ticking up, consumer confidence is edging down. Now, retailers don’t set regional prices – e.g. Tesco can’t give Liverpudlians a price break on their trolley load of groceries and make it up on the Burghers of Bermondsey, apart from anyone else, The Daily Mail wouldn’t allow it! As a result, there’ll be plenty of families opting for a “Hard Discounter Diet” and the “traditional” supermarket chains will be fighting tooth and nail to ensure that not them but some other competitor takes the hit This means pressure on prices and margins that will be pushed right down the chain. Don’t be surprised to see one of the “Big Boy” retailers crumble in 2017.
  • It’s looking like an economic and social policy-makers nightmare – huge debt load, running a massive deficit, a national productivity problem, increasing regional economic and social inequalities, inflation edging up so “should we increase interest rates?” but just imagine the house-owners response to higher mortgage rates and, to rub salt in to the wounds, OPEC confounds the sceptics and announces the first cut in oil supplies in 8 years (watch out for significantly higher fuel prices)!

Make no bones about it, 2017 is going to be a tough year in the UK and other countries’ grocery industries. But, it was ever thus! Grocery industry folk are made of stern stuff. Global food staples are intrinsically volatile and price instability seems to be increasing, driven by the physical (e.g. unexpected climate events) and the political (e.g. food trade disruption between Russia and the EU). So, don’t be surprised if we get an unexpected bout of one or both of these in 2017 to discombobulate business results and business planning.

Well enough of this festive cheer! A Very Happy Christmas and let’s hope a serene and profitable New Year to you all from David and Miguel.

Posted in Inflation

Trend-Reporting Time in the Food and Drink Industry


Nestlé’s Cocoa Plan: show me the farmers! Source: Nestlé.

At this time of year, food industry pundits spray their readers with nuggets on the directions new products are taking as we stand on the threshold of 2017.  We like the Innova Market Insights approach as the company analyses new product introductions during the year to distill common attributes of products that indicate a change or reinforcement in market direction seen across the globe. What’s on their trends to watch list for 2017?:

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Health trend and sweet tooth gives an opportunity for Stevia based products.

  • Clean Supreme” – clean and clear ingredient labels with total supply chain transparency where natural rather than artificial, environmental/animal welfare and other social aspects are integral to the product. “The Green Bar” is being inexorably raised and manufacturers have to earn the right to produce. Good social behaviour is simply expected and doesn’t receive a price premium, rather it carries a discount if not provided;
  • Disruptive Green” – the galloping advancement of plant-based ingredients reminding the meat and dairy industries that consumers have a much wider view now of what constitutes protein in food or milk in drinks. Seeds go mainstream. Big Food is on to it – e.g. Danone shelling out billions for WhiteWave and Tyson and General Mills buying in to plant protein start-ups;
  • Sweet Balance” – sugar is demonised but our sweet tooth prevails providing burgeoning opportunities for natural sweeteners such as stevia;
  • Kitchen Symphony” – home cooking moves up a notch driven by endless cooking shows, media attention and consumer desire for fulfilment and family/peer praise! Authentic cuisine, “what sort of Italian/Chinese”, artisanal/local/heritage ingredients – it’s cool to be knowledgeable about food;
  • Body in Tune” – we’re not quite at DNA-profiling for My Diet, but “what’s good for me/my family’s body and well-being” is an increasingly important driver of purchase;
  • Affordable Indulgence” – irrespective of how tough things are, we deserve a treat and, what’s more, we want the proper premium one not the ersatz. Yummy taste and status but within budget!;
  • Horses for Courses and Fuzzy Borders” – is the occasion a snack, mini-meal, regular or special meal? We need food product formats to be in-tune with our specific and immediate needs. What’s the job of the food product for each occasion – reward, on-the-go snack, impress the guest? Flexitarian diets flourish – meat and vegetarian options are interchangeable;
  • Cool Kids Food” – more adventuresome children’s food with better nutritional balance (e.g. “frushi” – fruit sushi – looks good and is fun food).
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Provenance and local products still very important attributes for consumers.

Reassuringly, irrespective of product category, there are recurring themes emanating from this years trendfest. Here’s what Cargill Cocoa and Chocolate Division think are the key drivers in the chocolate confectionery market:

  • Indulgent: flavours – chocolate and vegetable combinations, building on chili, the irrepressible kale finds a place in our 2017 chocolate treats, and beetroot features alongside chocolate in cakes; texture – bigger chunks, and crispy chocolate layers; colour – cocoa powder in various shades (red through black) to add depth;
  • Premium: provenance/origin/where manufactured, artisan links (pushing big players to acquire trendy, successful start-ups at astonishing multiples!), type of processing (e.g. stone-ground, slow-churned);
  • Healthy: avoiding the perceived “unhealthy” (e.g. palm oil) and seeking the “healthy” (e.g. organic, coconut milk) and a focus on “-free” – gluten/HFCS/lactose) and removing guilt through protein enrichment and claims of healthy snacking;
  • Sustainable and Clean: even more of where the food comes from and who grew the ingredients (real farmers or factory farmers?) and what are the environmental and social impacts ? – supported by 3rd party accreditation and web links to see at first hand. Short ingredient lists with natural products to colour and flavour and real fruit, vegetables and plant extracts.


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Fancy a different pigs on blankets this Christmas? Sainsbury’s version is affordable and looks upmarket.

Posted in Consumer, Trends

All Aboard! Where To? Mmmm Not Quite Sure!

There’s so much happening in the world of food, and we do our best to explain past and anticipate future developments in the global food industry for you. For example, we have talked about:

  • demographic and lifestyle changes in all markets that are driving growth in meal solutions at the expense of “traditional ingredients”;
  • the 3 meals a day family eating format breaking down as mini-meals and snacking surge across the world;
  • consumers seeking fewer, more natural, “pronounceable” ingredients;
  • some dairy products declining but sales of plant-based proteins going through the roof!;
  • a ferociously competitive global retail sector with the big guys desperate to stem market share losses and return to sales growth and distinct polarisation between the discount and premium ends of the retail spectrum;
  • on-line grocery finding its place in many markets and the increasing convergence of food retail and food service;
  • retail brands (private label) edging forward in some countries at the expense of secondary national brands; although stalling where retail range rationalization has taken a severe toll on manufacturer and retail brands in mature markets;
  • increasing concentration in big agribusiness with the Giant Six firms emerging as the Gigantic Four;
  • “Big Food Bad Food” struggling in developed markets and hell bent to change radically their portfolios and partner with or purchase fast-growing start-up companies with natural and artisanal credentials;
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Here is David, talking in Canada about the huge growth in consumer and investor interest in plant-based protein foods.

  • environmentalists clamouring for new agricultural and food production models to respond to a burgeoning global population which is upgrading its diet to more premium meat proteins (although in developed markets, per capita meat consumption has clearly peaked);
  • and, then, of course Brexit – with the prospect of an end to 32 months of food deflation in the UK as sterling plummets against other major currencies;
  • yet, notwithstanding the neo-Malthusian outlook associated with global population growth and dietary change, world food commodity prices have been in slow decline for 5 years or so (only stabilizing in the past 4-5 months). With an increasingly unpredictable climate, are we to face the spectre of a return to hyper-price volatility for food staples?;
  • and, as consumers increasingly seek more “credence attributes” in their food and drink (e.g. free-range/-from, “green”, socially-conscious, known provenance, etc.), then, so the risk of food fraud grows with the consequential threat to major manufacturer and retail brands.

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Fresh produce is one of the key sections for the Spanish Grocers, competiting with independent greengrocers.

There’s so much more that will have a direct impact on the future of your business in this second half of 2016. Next year will be a raucous ride – buckle up seatbelts and crash hats on!

This Summer, David and Miguel are travelling to Australia, New Zealand, Thailand, Malaysia, Cambodia, South Korea, Brazil, Argentina, Uruguay and Spain. So expect some “exotic” posts during this period – we’re collecting food industry insights for our Autumn talks. If you’re mulling over 2017 and beyond business plans we are ready to speak to your board, senior managers, present and prospective customers, or other stakeholders, discussing topics in English or in Spanish.

Posted in General, Uncategorized



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After the Brexit, brace yourselves for the Great British Summer! (Picture of Asda Store)

What a seven days! Out of the EU and England out of the European Soccer Championships. Those pesky Vikings bounced us in 793 AD and 1223 years later repeated the dose. Grocery cartoonists have had a field day: “Imagine if we had been playing Aldi?”. To rub salted cod in the wounds, Iceland beat us in establishing a democratic parliament, too (930 AD). We’ve been good at inventing games (e.g. soccer, rugby, cricket, golf) and, then, enjoyed admiring those countries that excel at them! We didn’t invent the  referendum but we should have done and shown the world how it can be used to establish the archaic sport of wall-building!

So, 7 days ago, the nation’s majority voted for BREXIT, after more than 40 years of being part of the EU (as it became). Mind you, Charles de Gaulle vetoed our membership of the European Economic Community in 1963 (he was still peevish about our Agincourt success in 1415). Let’s be honest, we’ve always been reluctant members which is strange as the English aristocracy invented the notion of a “Gentlemen’s Club”! But, we think the nation was genuinely surprised when they woke up on Friday morning to embrace BREXIT – and believe that many of the brexiteers really wanted to give that lot in Brussels a  jolly good kick up the pants and, now, have a sneaking suspicion that we have contracted Munchausen’s syndrome (the predilection to do self-harm).

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No worries Chorizo Lovers! No import tariff will ever be applied to the Chorizo we manufacture in this country!

We don’t have much wisdom on the immediate implications of this historic decision. Plenty of analysts and pundits have said very little, but do have a peek at James Walton’s (IGD) views on the impact of Brexit on the UK grocery industry. Frankly, nothing much is going to happen in a hurry, but give consideration to factors such as:

  • the resilient stock market has bounced back but forex rates may take longer to align – as a major food importer, a weaker pound may place upwards pressure on food prices for consumers and on imported ingredients for manufacturers, but UK exporters may give two cheers (better export prices but higher costs);
  • the EU has a range of relationships with third countries that may suit or could be modified to suit us and them. Remember, too, that we run a £15 billion deficit with the EU on grocery trade and, so, we are hugely important trade partners for our European neighbours;
  • of course, we can negotiate trade deals with countries and trading blocks that, currently, are covered by the EU but this will be a long and tortuous process and VERY taxing for our public servants who are a little out of practice in such dark arts:
  • we are low-60’s% self-sufficient in food and, in an era where buying local/national has become de rigueur, there’s plenty of upside in our home market but, then, our home market is only 65 million rather than the 510 million in the EU;
  • we’ve been surprised at the Brexit support given by farmers – taking close to half the total EU budget, direct financial support to farmers comprises a significant portion of total farm income of, in particular, smaller-scale producers. For them, may the UK national government be as munificent!

Is the future rosy or bleak?: likely, something in between. In part, it will depend on the performance of our political leaders and, as of right now, it’s difficult to be enthused with optimism! Our grumpiness reflects that, whereas by no means ideal, the EU has and does represent a political and economic front that is substantial and demands respect from other major world players. Even darker, imagine if the Brexit legacy was the break-up of the UK?! Both of us are or have been immigrants and firmly believe that fluid movement of labour can and does bring benefits to all. Anyway, take some deep breaths and get stuck in for the long haul. Our bet is that the UK food and drinks industry will be stronger and more resilient by decade end than it is now.

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We are ready if the future means less olive oil in our shops!

What of the football? Look, Miguel is Spanish and is still in denial that Spain has failed to reach the quarters and David is Welsh and thankful that his soccer team is having more success than his rugby team did in New Zealand. Onwards!

Posted in General

Plant Power to the People!

Eating up our vegetables used to be a chore but, now, it’s becoming a lifestyle statement. If we aren’t woofing down courgetti, we’re swigging holier-than-thou kale and spirulina smoothies. So, what’s going on? Two principal things which are inter-linked:

  • we’re not all turning into vegetarians but we (and, particularly, women) are electing to have more plant-based meals and snacks than previously. Why? The deadly dull nut roast and soyburger is dead and, now, we can buy really tasty, colourful, convenient vegetable- and pulse-based foods. What’s more, they are consonant with healthy lifestyles. Brassicas are in vogue – who’d’a’ thunk it!;
  • concomitantly, in many higher income countries, consumers are electing to reduce their meat consumption (particularly red meat). Reasons offered include (in order of importance) – healthier diet, saving money, animal welfare concerns, food safety worries, and saving the environment.

In the retail and eating out sectors, nimble companies, often new start-ups, have been quick to harness the power of plants. Alpro is, perhaps, the doyen – 36 years old and offering 100% plant-based food and drinks which are 100% dairy- and GMO-free. Winner of The Grocer  2016 brand of the year , Alpro beat out classic UK companies such as Warburtons, United Biscuits and Young’s with its on-trend “free from” drinks, yoghurts and desserts made from soy, hazelnut, almond, coconut, rice and oats.



Take a look at Rawligion in Central London offering a wide range of super premium juices and other drinks. The coffee is ‘cold-brewed” to maintain the “raw” mantra. Incidentally, eating and drinking raw foods isn’t new – in the 19th Century, Reverend Graham, inventor of the Graham cracker and Maximilian Bircher-Benner with his eponymous muesli were early raw food zealots (mind you, both of them were crackers!).


Prêt-à-Manger has ramped up its range of vegetable-based meals and snacks under the strap line “Not just for Veggies”i

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Additionally, Prêt has opened a completely vegetarian restaurant in Soho, London. Its competitor Leon has banners outside its restaurants espousing “The Power of Plants” to promote its Summer range of vegetable-based meals. What’s next – a veggie Tesco Express?

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Are you a spiralizer? It’s fashionable to be so! Courgetti – spaghetti-style courgettes/zucchini and boodles – noodle-style butternut squash – are much in vogue. These are brilliant new products which have breathed new life into traditional vegetables. And what about cauliflower rice and cous cous? Cauliflower is flying with our favourites being seared cauliflower steaks and cauliflower hummus.

Putting vegetables “centre of the plate” isn’t new, of course, and the myco-protein (a mushroom-like fungus) Quorn has been at it since 1985. Significantly, however, Quorn is merchandised in the meat cabinet. The Cooperative retailer trying to woo repeat custom, have a discount coupon offering “£2 off your next purchase of meat, fish or Quorn”. The meat guys better be on their mettle – the Filipino Corporation Monde Nissin acquired Quorn for US$800+ million in 2015 and, clearly, see that meat substitutes have a big future around the globe. Later this year, look out for the launch in the USA of a plant protein burger from Impossible Foods that will look like, taste like and smell like the burgers we know and love.

When David Hughes was a boy, if he listened carefully outside his front door at Sunday lunchtime, he could hear a chorus from his neighbours of “eat up your vegetables or there’ll be no dessert”! Eating your vegggies, frankly, is passé – now, you’ve got to drink them! You don’t have a NutriBullet or Nutri Ninja blender? Hang your head in shame. Pure juices and smoothie retail sales went backwards in 2015, suffering from the demonization of sugar in many markets. But making smoothies with vegetables and fruit at home is seriously in vogue as consumers perceive that they can control sugar content if they produce the drinks themselves. In fact, you can have a box of smoothie ingredients delivered every week if you want to avoid shopping in the supermarket.

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Mind you, the big retailers can spot a lucrative and healthy trend, too. Asda are merchandising premium “cold pressed” vegetable juices in the Fresh Produce Department (note how the “cold pressed” label for juices leverages the health halo associated with extra virgin olive oil). Marks & Spencer have a fruit & vegetable display to encourage customers’ smoothie-making side! Best of all, Sainsbury’s stole the PR show of the week by having a “Vegetable Butcher” demonstrating in one of its stores how to use produce in a 1,000 different ways.

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“Plant Power to the People”, we say. But, it’s more than just fruit and vegetables. Protein-rich pulses (e.g. lentils, peas, beans) are having a very strong sales moment, too and, by the by, the UN declared 2016 to be The International Year of Pulses. M&S have launched a high fibre/low fat outdoor-bred pork and bortolli and cannellini bean sausage. Brace yourselves, meat people. You need to up your game or you’ll lose customers in the vegetable and pulse revolution!


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Posted in Consumer, Health, Uncategorized

Ensuring “Fairer Play” in Grocery Supply Chains Servicing the Major UK Supermarkets

What did you do, Daddy, in the maelstrom that has been the UK grocery market environment so far this decade?”! Who’d have thought that we would have seen big retailers scrapping for their very survival, manufacturer margins being squeezed inexorably and farmers desperate  as international food commodity prices plummet to decade year lows! When the going gets tough, the tough get going but they also get tetchy and even behave badly! Yet, we all know and research consistently shows that collaborative and longer-term relationships in the supply chain are crucial to enhancing efficiency and encouraging innovation to the benefit of us all, not least, the final consumer.

Commercial tensions are intrinsic to most supply chains but, particularly so, in those which are characterized by great uncertainty – of climate, commodity booms and busts, political vicissitudes (e.g. Russian ban on EU food imports), tectonic shifts in the grocery competitive environment, etc. Fifteen years ago, did you even conceive that the energetic Jack Ma and Alibaba would have three times the market cap of Walmart by the end of 2015? We didn’t and Alibaba is no fairy tale! Perhaps, we are in a watershed moment for the power of the “traditional” supermarkets?

In the UK and other countries, grocery supply chain partners have frequently grizzled at the disproportional market power of monolithic supermarkets. Governments have struggled to develop appropriate policies to temper abuses of power and legislative initiatives have been more focused on protecting the consumer interest than the interests of farmers and other grocery supply chain members. In the UK, however, we do have a Groceries Code Adjudicator who is the first independent adjudicator to oversee the relationships between the major supermarkets and their suppliers. Specifically, the GCA ensures that the 10 largest supermarkets treat their direct suppliers lawfully and fairly, and investigates complaints and arbitrates in disputes.

Hurrah, at last suppliers have an organization in place to ensure fair play in their dealings with the big boys. So, what are the grumpy suppliers doing? Largely keeping shtum! Whispering behind closed doors about despicable supermarket practices but failing to communicate directly and in confidence with the very organization that was established to protect their interests. Right NOW, the GCA is launching its 3rd annual survey of the groceries sector. It’s a brilliant opportunity for you to voice your concerns (or even your plaudits) about dealing with the “Big 10” supermarkets. But, in the parlance of the trade, act now to avoid disappointment! The survey closes on April 29th. If you’re dealing with UK supermarkets from home or abroad, just get on the GCA website and complete the survey. You know it makes sense!

Survey Link: http://www.yougov.com/GCA

Posted in Supply Chain

What Can We Learn from the Spanish about Eating and Selling More Fruit and Vegetables?

We Brits are wimpy consumers of fresh produce relative to our Iberian neighbours – rough and ready data suggests that Spanish families consume double the amount that we do! Why so? History, geography, climate and food culture are hugely influential:

  • Spain has been blessed with an amenable climate for growing fruit and vegetables, whereas it’s been a struggle in the UK, particularly “Up North” and for fruit. Look, sunshine helps and, no surprise, the Costa de Sol is in Andalucia not in Morecambe!;
  • supply availability moulded dietary patterns and consumption behavior – the Southern Spanish woofed down what we came to call “the Mediterranean Diet” – rich in fruit, vegetables and olive oil, whereas up in Scotland, you were more likely to see a Scottish male doing needle point than snacking on a piece of fruit!;
  • in the 19th Century, we moved into towns and cities which were, initially, serviced inadequately by fresh food distributors – packaged and tinned foods were cheaper and more convenient. The Spanish remained peasants and fresh food was just outside their front door. Our incomes improved and we were seduced by vendors of sugary and salty snacks; the poor Spaniards morosely munched on fresh-picked peaches;
  • the “made-by-mamá” main meal is at lunchtime and is only, now, coming under lifestyle pressure in Spain comprising to this day a mountain of fruit and vegetables, including a mandatory salad and, of course, all washed down by fermented grape juice. Seasonal eating isn’t trendy, it’s just what the Spaniards do!;
  • then, the supermarket era emerged at differential speed in the two countries giving us the present retail structure for fresh produce – the established supermarket chains dominate the fresh food scene in the UK (92% retail market share), whereas in Spain, regional players and “old-fashioned” green grocers (often configured in small chains) continue to have a significant share of fresh fruit and vegetable sales to consumers.

The famous Boquería Market in Barcelona, Spain (Fotograph http://www.aspic.es)

The more traditional retail environment in Spain encourages shoppers to purchase fresh produce. Spanish supermarkets account for 70% of fresh produce retail sales but on every street, small shops fight ferociously with them for market share and can purchase a wide range of produce via vibrant (by UK standards) wholesale markets and can be competitive not least by discounting their own labour costs. You see the same in many Asian countries where the “wet markets” hold on tenaciously to market share for fresh foods, particularly fruit and vegetables.

What can we learn from the Spanish grocers? In short, they’re better at retail theatre and customer service:

  • first, there’s less pre-packaged produce. Now, we pre-pack for good reason – some shoppers want to nip in and out of the shop without the inconvenience of individual produce selection. OK, but quality retailers the world over can orchestrate a symphony with loose fruits and vegetables that demand to be purchased!;
  • second, knowledge of the product is higher in Spain for both the customer and the vendor – this provides the small grocer with a competitive edge and forces supermarkets to respond with staff who can talk with customers about quality, seasonality, new products, etc. Ours do their best but, largely, they’re there to stack shelves and keep the place tidy. In Spain, there is often an assistant who weighs and bags produce and is there, in person, to tell the story of the food, and is looking for customers who might want help with selection. In some stores, the outdoor market ambience can be created by the greengrocer shouting out special offers;
  • we’ve improved enormously in the UK on celebrating the seasonality of produce but we’re still a long way behind the Spanish. Talking to UK college students about Spring cabbage, we noted that most thought the principal attribute of the product was that it was intrinsically bouncy! There’s a push to have the first of the season ahead of competitors – a dangerous game as the result can be the triumph of hope over experience as the long awaited peach is crunchy and tasteless. Mind you, it’s one of life’s commercial conundrums that when produce is at its very best and in peak season – juicy, aromatic, etc. – we tend to give it away!

Mercadona has been Spain’s most successful supermarket grocer in recent years and has upped the ante on fresh foods. Its President, Juan Roig said “we made the mistake of thinking we could sell produce as if they were ambient goods and squeeze costs in the store. Big mistake – focusing on customer service, provenance, seasonality and better displays of loose products has worked brilliantly for us”. In the Fresh Produce Department, there are few brands, tastes vary with the season, appearances may flatter the product (looks lovely, tastes like cardboard) and, in the UK, notwithstanding the tsunami of TV cookery programmes, shopper knowledge of  the product is substantially less than in Spain. Bite the bullet, invest more in staff training and bring the excitement  of the Iberian fruit and vegetable market to Glasgow and Gillingham.


Mercadona’s new fresh produce section (Source Mercadona)

This post first appeared in Produce Business UK as part of their Spain Sourcing Spotlight Series.

Tagged with:
Posted in Fresh Products, Uncategorized

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About the authors
Prof David Hughes: Around the world, David speaks to senior agribusiness and food industry managers about global food industry developments that are and will affect their businesses and industry. Energetic, engaging, humorous and insightful, David gains the very highest evaluations at seminars, conferences and Board level discussions in every continent he visits. Miguel Flavián: works for several Spanish organisations and companies to help them to learn from the developments of the British grocery market and improve their business back home.